国际计量互认协议

起源

guojijilianghurenxieyi(cipm mra)defaqishouxianyuanyuguanshuijimaoyizongxieding(gatt)deqianshu,yijicihouzaiwulaguihuihetanpanzhongchenglideshijiemaoyizuzhi(wto)[ gattweiwtodeqianshen。]。gaixiedingdafujiangdileguojimaoyideguanshuibilei,cijileguojimaoyidezengzhang,ranhoushi“jiangdijishubilei”chengweilecujinmaoyiziyouhuadeyigezhuti。zaicibeijingxia,lingyousangeyuanyincujinlecipm mradexingcheng。yishiyushijiezuidajingjitimeiguozhijiandemaoyi。meiguoyoufaguiyaoqiuceliangyiqibixujingguomeiguoguojiajiliangyuannistdexiaozhun。zheiyiweizheshijiegeguoxiangguandechangshangdoubixubayiqisongdaonistxiaozhun,jidazengjialechengbenhenistdegongzuofudan。yumeiguokaizhanshuangbianbiduihejianlishuangbianhurenchengweiyixieguojiadezuofa,dankeguanshangbayixie “xiaoguo” paichuzailejingjichangwai。diergeyuanyinshishiyanshirenkezhiduzaiouzhoudexingqihezaiquanqiudeyingyong。yanzhengyigejiliangshiyanshidejishunengli,xuyaotigongqisuyuanxingdeyiju。disangeyuanyinshiquyujiliangzuzhidexingqi。apmpzuizaoyu1980nianchengli,qihoueuromet(hougengmingweieuramet)1987nianchengli,sim1988nianchengli,coomet1991nianchengli。rmokaishikaizhanbenquyuneiguojiajiliangbiaozhundebidui,ruheshixianquyubiduiyuguojibiduidelianjiechengweileyigegongxingwenti。

chuyuduiyigequanqiutongyidehurentixidepoqiexuqiu,cipmjingguokuangrichijiudezixunyutaolun,qicaoleguojijilianghurenxieyidejibenzhidu。1999nian10yue,di21jiecgpmtongguo2haojueyi,zhengshijuedingchengliguojijilianghurenxieyi。1999nian10yue14ri,38geguojiajiliangyuanhelianggeguojizuzhidedaibiaozaibaliqianshu《guojiajiliangji(biao)zhunheguojiajiliangyuanqianfadexiaozhunyuceliangzhengshuhurenxieyi》,cipm mrazhengshidansheng。tongshi,weibushicipmmrabenshenchengweiyigejishubilei,cgpmchuanglile“guojijiliangdahuifushuchengyuan”zheiyichengyuanshenfen,zuizhuyaodemudeshibianyufeizhengshichengyuanguohejingjiticanyuhurentixi。

内容

CIPM MRA是指通过开展国家计量标准的国际比对,证明国家计量标准的国际等效,从而实现对国家计量院签发的校准和测量证书的国际互认。其成果是一个由BIPM维护和运行的CIPMMRA数据库,名为KCDB,该数据库发布:红包扫雷_红包扫雷官网---官网_欢迎您

  • 国际比对的结果,即国家计量标准之间的等效度
  • 获得国际互认的国家校准与测量能力(CMC)

cipm mrademubiaoshi: jianligeguoguojiajiliangjibiaozhunzhijiandedengxiaodu;shixianguojiajiliangyuanbanfadexiaozhunheceliangzhengshudeguojihuren;weigeguozhengfujiqitajigouzaiguojimaoyi、shangyehelifadengfangmiandachenggengguangfandeguojiyizhitigongyigekekaodejishujichu。

程序

cipm mradeshishichengxushi: shouxianguojiajiliangyuanyunxingyigehegedezhiliangtixi,bingtongguotongxingpingshen;qicicanjiaguojibidui,keyishiyoucipm cchuobipmzuzhideguojiguanjianbidui,huoyouquyujiliangzuzhizuzhidequyuguanjianbiduihuogenjutedingxuyaokaizhandefuzhubidui,tongguobiduijieguozhengmingbenguojiliangbiaozhundeguojidengxiao;zuihoushishenbaoxiaozhunceliangnengli(cmc),cmcjingsuozairmohe(jinbiyaoshi)qitarmodepingshenhou,tongguopingshendecmcjiangbeigongbuzaikcdbshang。zheiyiweizhe,gaiguojiaxiaozhunceliangnengli(heqianfadexiaozhunzhengshu)dedaolesuoyouqianyuejigoudechengren。

hurenxieyideqianyuejigouzhinengshiguojiajiliangyuan。ruoyiguoyouduogejiliangyuan,zeqitajigouyi‘zhidingjigou’demingyifuzaiqianyuejigouxiafang。

cipm mradequanbugongzuoyoubipmzaicipmdeshouquanxiafuzekaizhan。cc、rmohebipmfuzekaizhanguojiguanjianjifuzhubidui。ciwaizhuanmenchenglileyigequyuxingjiliangzuzhiheguojijiliangjulianheweiyuanhui(jcrb),zhuanmenfuzecipmmrayouguangongzuodetaolunheshishi。

结果

红包扫雷muqian,kcdbgongfabule1500duogeguojihequyubidui,yiciweiyiju,gongfabule25000duogeguojihurendexiaozhunceliangnengli,wulilingyudezhan60%,huaxuelingyuzhan25%,dianlifushelingyuzhan15%,jihufugailesuoyouziranxuekehegongchengjishulingyu。《mizhigongyue》quanbu59gezhengshichengyuanguohe42gefushuchengyuanjuncanjialehurenxieyi,qizhong70%deqianyuejigoufabulecmc。jubipmtongji,shujukudequanqiuyuefangwenliangyue62000ci。

意义

cipm mradeqianshushiguojijiliangfazhanshishangyizuoyiyifeifandelichengbei,biaozhizheyigejiliangquanqiuhuafazhandekaiduan。tashiquanshijiedeqianyuejigounenggouzhengmingjiliangbiaozhundedengxiao,shixianxiaozhunzhengshudehuxinhuren,zheiduiyuxiaochumaoyibileishiyixiangyiyizhongdadegongxian。tashixianle“yizhangzhengshu、quanqiuhuren”,weishijiegedideshengchanshanghehongbaosaoleishangjianshaolezhongfuxiaozhundailaidedaliangchengben、mafan、fengxianyijikenengyinqidemaoyijiufen;zhichenglekuaguoshengchan;cujinlemaoyiziyouhua,baozhanglemaoyigongpingyuliyi。gaitixiweibenguodejingjishehuifazhan,yijiguojiazhijianzaimaoyi、shangye、lifadengguangfanlingyudehutongyuhezuotigonglebiyaode、kekaodejishujichu。tongshi,tazuoweiguojiajiliangyuanjishushuipingdebiaozhizhiyi,yeyindaozheguojiajiliangyuandefazhanyutisheng。