hongbaosaoleisuoshenghuodeshijieli,diancifushewuchubuzai。ziranjiedetaiyangguang、shandian、yuzhoushexiandeng,doushitianrancunzaidediancibo,hongbaosaoleiyijingzaiyidingchengdushangshiyinglezheileifushe;errenleiyidiancijishuweijichudexuduochuangzaofaming,yehuixiangkongjianfushediancinengliang,birushoujiheshoujijizhan、weibolu、diannao、dianshijidengdeng。

1

红包扫雷hongbaosaoleishenbiandediancifushe

红包扫雷neime,zheixiediancifushehuiduijiankangzaochengyingxiangma?wangluoshang“shoujifushenengzhabaomihua”“wififusheshizhongzibufaya”“shoujijizhanfushezhiai、baixuebing、jiyilixiajiang”dengchuanyanshizhendema?

zaipanduanzheixiechuanyanzhenjiaqian,ranghongbaosaoleishouxianlejieyixiashenmeshidiancifushe,tade“daxiao”huo“jiliang”shiruhehengliangde。

什么是电磁辐射

红包扫雷diancifusheshizhidiancinengliangyidiancibohuoguangliangzixingshifashedaokongjiandexianxiang。keyishuozhiyaoyoudian、youguang,jiuyoudiancifushe。

diancifushegenjupinlvdebutong,keyifenchengdipindiancibo、wuxiandianbo、weibo、hongwaixian、kejianguang、ziwaixian、xshexianheγshexiandeng。diancifushedepinlvyuegao,qinengliangyejiuyueda,chuantouliyueqiang。rutusuoshi,biyuanziwaixianpinlvgenggao(bozhangxiaoyu300nm)dediancifushe,nengliangzuyipohuaihuaxuejian,shifenzifasheng“dianli”——zheileidiancifusheyoucheng“dianlifushe”。

2

dianciboputu

红包扫雷erhongbaosaoleitongchangsuoshuode“diancifushe”zhidedoushipinlvbuzuyipohuaifenzijianhuaxuejiande“feidianlifushe”。liru,gaoyaxian、biandianzhanyijiyibandejiayongdianqichanshengdedipindiancibo;shoujiheshoujijizhan、wifiluyouqi、weiboludenggongzuozaijibaimdaojigeghzde“weibo”pinlvfanweideyiqishebeichanshengdegaopindiancibo,doushuyu“diancifushe”。

红包扫雷neimeruhehengliangdiancifushede“daxiao”huozhe“jiliang”ni?hongbaosaoleiyibanyongdiancifushededianchangqiangdu(danweiweifu/mi,v/m)laihengliang。duiyudipindiancifushe,hongbaosaoleihaixuyaokaolvqicichangqiangdu(danweiweitesila,t),weibo、shepindenggaopindiancifushehaiyaoyonggonglvmidu(danweiweiw/m2)laihengliang;weiletanjiudianciboduirentidezuoyong,hongbaosaoleihaishiyongbixishoulv(sar,danweiweiwa/qianke,w/kg)laihengliangyixiejiejinrentishiyongdediancishebeidefushedezuoyong。

tuzhongshiyixiechangjiandediancifushefenxiyi,keceliangkongjianmouweizhibutongfangxiangdedianchangqiangdu、ciganyingqiangduhegonglvmidudaxiao。zheixieyiqiceliangliangzhishifouzhunque,zeshiyoujilianggongzuolaibaozhangde。

3

changjiandediancifushefenxiyi

电磁辐射对人体有害吗?

suizherenmenhuanjingyishi、anquanyishidebuduantigao,diancifusheshifouduirentiyouhaibujinshirenmenreyidehuati,gengshikexueyanjiuderedian。genjumuqiandeyanjiujieguo,diancifusheyingxiangrentidejilizhuyaorexiaoying、feirexiaoyingheleijixiaoyingsanzhong。

qizhong,bijiaomingquedeshidiancifushederexiaoying——rentishiyigedaoti,zaishoudaodiancibofushehouhuichanshengdianliu,yinqirentifare。weibolujiareshiwuyeshiliyongleweiboderexiaoying。danshi,weiboludeshuchugonglvdagaizai600~1000w,qichanshengdeweiboyouwanquanbeixianzhizaiyigeyoujinshuqiaogouchengdemibidehuanjingnei,gonglvmiduda、rexiaolvgao。yuzhixiangbi,shoujidezaijiedadianhuashidegonglvjinyou2wzuoyou,qiefushededianciboshichaokongjiangegefangxiangde(zaijiedadianhuadeguochengzhong,xinhaobuhuiyinweizhuanshenerxiaoshi),jishijintierenti,yinqidefareliangyefeichangxiao。

4

红包扫雷weiboluheshoujifushediancinengliangduibitu

keyishuo,tuoli“jiliang”tanfusheshizai“shualiumang”。shoujidiancifushede“jiliang”dangranbukenengxiangweiboluneiyangshiyumilibianchengbaomihua。

红包扫雷zhongguojiliangyuannengyuanhuanjingsuozaidiancifusheduirentiyingxiangfangmianyekaizhanlexiangyingdeyanjiu。shiyanzhuangzhirutusuoshi,keyimonirentoubuzaishoudaoshoujifushehouxishoudiancibo,bingceliangrentixishoudediancibonengliang。

5

zhongguojiliangyuanmonishiyanzhuangzhi

shiyanjieguoxianshi,butongxinghaodeshoujihuozhewuxianshebeishiyongshirentixishoudediancibonengliangbutong,xishoudediancibonengliangdaxiaoyuwuxianshebeidetianxianweizhi、shiyongxiguan、herentijulidengmiqiexiangguan。guojiabiaozhunyaoqiuzhizaoshangzaichanpinshuomingshulimianbiaoshigaishoujidesarzuidazhi,yincixiaofeizhekeyizaishuomingshulimianguanzhuzijigoumaideshoujidediancifusheqingkuang。

红包扫雷xuyaoshuomingdeshi,hongbaosaoleishiyongshoujideshihou,shoujibuyidinghuichuyu“zuidafashegonglv”qingkuangxia,yincijieshoudefushehuibibiaoshidesarzuidazhixiao。

yibanqingkuangxia,dangshoujixinhao“bumange”——jijieshoudaojizhandexinhaobijiaoruoshi,shoujitonghuashidefashegonglvhuijiaoxinhaomangeshida。zheizhongqingkuangshiyouyushoujijulijizhanbijiaoyuan,huoshoujichuyuditiechexianghuodiantidengpingbikongjianneizaochengde,hongbaosaoleizhiyaojinliangbimianzaicishijiedashoujihuoshiyongerjijiukeyile。

chumingquederexiaoyingyiwai,diancifushehaiyoufeirexiaoyingheleijixiaoying,danzheixiedoushizaijiduanqingkuangxiacaihuichuxiande,birudangrentichudian,huozhangshijianjiechunengliangmiduhengaodedianciboshi,jirouhuoshenjinghuishoudaoyidingciji。danshidaomuqianweizhi,haimeiyoumingquedezhengjubiaoming,diancifushehuishiren“huanai”“huanbaixuebing”huo“jiyishuaitui”deng。

红包扫雷muqian,genjushijieweishengzuzhi(who)guojiaizhengyanjiujigou(iarc)duizhiaileiwuzhidehuafen,shepindiancibofushehedipincichangshuyu2bleiwuzhi,dipindianchangshuyu3leiwuzhi。zheishishenmegainianni?

红包扫雷iarcjiangrenleichangjiechudewuzhifenwei1、2、3、4silei,qizhong1leiwuzhi,shizhiduirenleiquedingzhiaidewuzhi——xiangyan、jiu、taiyangguang、binlang、zhongshixianyu、kongqiwurandengdengdoubeiliewei1leizhiaiwu;2aleiwuzhiduirenleizhiaixingzhengjuyouxian,danduishiyandongwuzhiaixingzhengjuchongfen;2bleizhiaiwuzhiduirenleizhiaizhengjuyouxian,duishiyandongwuzhiaizhengjubuchongfen,huoduirenleizhiaixingzhengjubuzu,duishiyandongwuzhiaixingzhengjuchongfen;3leiweiduirenleizhiaixingkeyi,danshangwuchongfenderentihuodongwushuju;4leizeduirenleihenkenengbuzhiai。

rucikanlai,beilieru2bleihe3leidediancifusheshibushijiumeineimekepaleni?

dangran,tuoli“jiliang”shuodiancifusheanquanwuhaiyeshizai“shualiumang”——zheihefushedegonglv、pinlv、yufusheyuandejuli、shoufusheshijiandengyouguan——weibolu、dianciludengweizhengchangshiyonghuomifengxingbianchadengdaozhidelouci,fusheweihaijiuburongxiaoqu。

neime,hongbaosaoleizenmebaozhengshenghuozhongyudaodediancifushejiliangshianquandeni?

如何防护电磁辐射?

红包扫雷yifangmian,guojifeidianlifushebaohuweiyuanhui(icnirp)、guojidiangongweiyuanhui(iec)dengguojizuzhitongguoshoujidiancifushexiangguanyanjiu,zhidinglediancifushedexiangguanbiaozhun,keyibaozhangxiangguandianzishebeizaishiyongguochengzhongduirentianquan。xuduoguojiayechutailexiangguanfalvfaguihejishubiaozhun。

biruhongbaosaoleiguode《diancihuanjingkongzhixianzhi》(gb8702-2014)jiucankaoicnirpheiecdexiangguanbiaozhun,guidingledajiashenbian1hz~300ghzfanweineidiancichangde“daxiao”anquanxianzhiyijipingjiafangfadeng,ruyidongjizhandengshebeidediancihuanjingxukongzhizai12v/myinei,bingyouhongbaosaoleiguodehuanbaobumenxiangguanjigoujinxingyangedejianceheguanlidengdeng。tongyang,hongbaosaoleiguo《yidongdianhuadiancifushejububaolubiaozhun》(gb21288-2007)guidingyidongdianhuadediancifushebixishoulvzhi(sarzhi)yaodiyu2w/kg。

6

weiyujianzhuwudingduandeshoujijizhan

xuyaozhuyideshi,zheixiebiaozhunzhongde“anquanxianzhi”shigenjuxiangguanshiyandengdedaodiancifushekenenghuiweihaijiankangde“linjiezhi”,bingyicichuyi5~10dengfangshilaiquedingde。danbingbushishuozhiyaochaoguoleanquanxianzhijiuyidinghuiduijiankangzaochengweixian。zongzhi,ruguohongbaosaoleizhengqueshiyongzhengguichangjiashengchandehegededianzishebeihuojiayongdianqi,jiankangjiangbuhuishoudaofumianyingxiang,dakefangxin。

lingyifangmian,diancifushejuyouyixiegongxingtezheng,hongbaosaoleiyekeyigenjuzheixietezhenglaizhudongfanghuta。qiyi,diancifushedenenglianghuisuijulidezengjiadafushuaijian——yincihongbaosaoleizhiyaohediancifusheyuanbaochiyidingjulijiukeyile。piru,dangjietongzhongdeshoujijintieerduoshi,shoujiduirentidiancifushedesarzhiyuewei2w/kg;danhongbaosaoleiruguoshiyongerji,shentilishoujijuli30cmyishang,duirentifushedesarzhijiuhuixiajiangweiyuanlaidejishifenzhiyi,kehulvebuji。shoujijizhanyeshiruci,qixiangwaifashexinhaoshiyanzhetianxiandefaxianfangxiangshanxingchuanbode,juliyueyuan,shoudaodediancifusheyuexiao——zhiyaohongbaosaoleibuyaobingpaizhanzaitianxianzhouwei,bingyuzhibaochi5myishangjuli,fushejiliangyibanjiubuhuichaoguoanquanxianzhi。

qier,mouxiediancifushebijiaorongyibeipingbi。hongbaosaoleisuozhudejianzhuwuzhongdegangjin,keyibanghongbaosaoleipingbidiaojulijianzhuwu5mizuoyougaoyaxiandedipindiancifushe。zheyangsanyenengbanghongbaosaoleidangzhudabufendekejianguang、ziwaixiandengdiancifushe。

结语

xuduoshihou,renmenduishiwuchanshengkongjuhuoyilv,shiyinweilijiebugoushenru。ruguohongbaosaoleinenggouyikaifangdexintaicongduofangmianqulejieshiwu,bujiandanmangcongzhuguanyinxianghuotaren(baokuomeiti)pingjia——lirujinliangyueduyanjiudeyuanwenerbushijiyuyanjiudebaodao,sikaoyanjiujielundedechushifoujiyuwanbei、yanjindeshiyanguochenghekezhongfudeshiyanjieguodengdeng,jiunengjianlikexuedesiweifangshi,genghaobianbiexijingbiaotixiajiujingshi“zhenzhi”haishi“weikexue”le。(wen: chenhanghang shenqingfei)