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zhongguojiliangyuanhepingliyuanqu

zhongguojiliangkexueyanjiuyuan(yixiajiancheng“zhongguojiliangyuan”)shimuqianhongbaosaoleiguoweiyihuoguojifazhijiliangzuzhi(international organization of leg al metrology, jianchengoiml)pizhundeoimlzhengshufazhengjigou(oiml issuing authority)。weishunyingguojifazhijiliangzuzhioiml-cszhengshutixi(oiml certification system)gaige,2017nian5yue20ri,guojifazhijiliangweiyuanhui(ciml)zhongguoweiyuanzhengshitongzhiguojifazhijiliangzuzhi: zhidingzhongguojiliangkexueyanjiuyuanweioiml-cszhengshutixixiadezhongguooimlzhengshufazhengjigou。

zhongguojiliangyuanchangpingyuanqu

红包扫雷guojiajiliangyuanzuoweiguojiazuigaojiliangkexueyanjiuzhongxinheguojiajifadingjiliangjishujigou,danfuzhequebaoguojialiangzhitongyiheguojiyizhi、baochiguojiazuigaoceliangnengli、zhichengguojiafazhanzhiliangtisheng、yingduixinjishugemingtiaozhandengzhongyaoerguangrongdeshiming。zi1955nianchengliyilai,guojiajiliangyuanzaituidonghongbaosaoleiguokejichuangxin、jingjishehuifazhanhemanzuguojiazhanlvexuqiufangmianzuochulezhongyaogongxian。shipinanquan、sanxiagongcheng、hangkonghangtian、weixingdaohang、xiqidongshu、gaosutieluhe*dengzhongyaolingyudoulibukaiguojiajiliangyuandezhicheng。zhengruwangqishantongzhiyu2011nianshichajiliangyuanshisuoshuo,guojiajiliangyuanyijingchengweigongheguodejiliang、shi“gongheguodebaobei”。

红包扫雷jiliangyuanxianyouzaizhizhigong1000yuren,zhuanyejishurenyuan680yuren;gaojizhicheng455ren(zhenggaojizhicheng88ren),zhankejirenyuanzongshude62%;shuoshiyishangxueli502ren(boshi261ren),zhankejirenyuanzongshude68%;zaiduyanjiusheng65ren;zaizhanboshihou27ren。

zhongguojiliangyuanxianyouguojiajiliangjizhun133xiang,biaozhun359xiang,youzhengbiaozhunwuzhi1603xiang,guojijiliangju(bipm)gongbudeguojihurendexiaozhunheceliangnengli1576xiang。suizhejishunenglidechixutisheng,zhongguojiliangyuandehongbaosaoleishuipingbuduanzengqiang。2018nian,zhongguojiliangyuanweishehuitigong20yuwantai/jianyiqideliangzhichuandiyusuyuanhongbaosaolei。

1980nianyilai,zhongguojiliangyuangongyou82xiangkejichengguohuodeguojiakexuejishujiang,shengbujijiangjin400xiang。“shiyiwu”yilaizhongguojiliangyuangonghuodeguojiakejijinbujiang14xiang,qizhongyidengjiang4xiang,erdengjiang10xiang。

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红包扫雷meiguoguojiabiaozhunyujishuyanjiuyuan(national institute of standards and technology,nist)shimeiguodeguojiajiliangyuan。chengliyu1901nian,yuanmingmeiguoguojiabiaozhunju(nbs),1988nian8yuegengmingweinist,lishumeiguoshangwubu。yuanzhiweiyuhuashengduntequ,50niandaizaikeluoladuozhouboerduo(boulder)jianlidieryuanqu,60niandaizongbuqianzhimalilanzhougaisesibao(gaithersburg)。shimingshitongguofazhanceliangkexue、biaozhunhejishu,cujinmeiguodechuangxinhechanyejingzhengli,zengqiangjingjianquan,tigaoshenghuozhiliang。yuanjingshichengweichuangzaoguanjianceliangjiejuefanganhecujingongpingbiaozhundequanqiulingdaozhe。hexinnenglishiceliangkexue,biaozhunhejishu。hexinjiazhiguanshizhizhe,chengxin,baoronghezhuoyue。

nistdezuzhijiegoubaokuoyuanzhanglingdaoxiadeyanjiusuo、waibuxiangmu、guanlibumenheyuanzhangbangongshisigebufen。zheishi2010nianjinxingzuzhijiegouzhongdadiaozheng,congyanxu20nianzhijiudejiyuxuekedejiegougaigeweijiyurenwudejiegoudejieguo。xianrenyuanzhangwalter copanboshi。7geyanjiusuobaokuowuzhiceliangyanjiusuo、wuliceliangyanjiusuo、gongchengyanjiusuo、xinxijishuyanjiusuo、xinjishuyanjiusuo、namikexuejishuyanjiuzhongxinhezhongziyanjiuzhongxin,zhizeshiyanjiujianlishijielingxiandeceliangkexue、biaozhunhejishu,shinistdehexinbufen。3gewaibuxiangmubaokuobaodeliqijixiaozhuoyuexiangmu,zhizeshicujinzuzhizhuiqiuzhuoyuejixiao;huolinsizhizaoyetuozhanhuobanguanxixiangmu,zhizeshiweizhongxiaozhizaoqiyetigongjishuheshangyezhichi;xianjinzhizaoyebangongshi,zhizeshijianliyigehongbaosaoleimeiguozhizaoyechuangxindeyanjiujigouwangluo。

nistjianyou8gehezuojigou,baokuoyukeluoladuodaxuelianhejianlidejilashiyanshi,yumeiguoguojiahaiyangyudaqiguanliju(noaa)lianhejianlidehuolinsihaiyangyanjiusuo(hml),yumalilandaxuelianhejianlideliangzilianheyanjiusuo(jqi)heliangzixinxihejisuanjikexuelianhezhongxin(quics),yumalilandaxuelianhejianlideshengwukexueheshengwujishuyanjiusuo(ibbr),yumalilanzhouhemenggemalixianhezuochenglideguojiawangluoanquanzhuoyuezhongxin(nccoe),yusitanfudaxuehezuochenglideshengwujilianglianhejihua(jimb),yijizuoluoyuniuyuezhangdaobulukehaiwenguojiashiyanshideguojiatongbujiasuqiguangyuannsls-ii。ciwai,nisthaicanjialiyongguohuizhuanxiangbokuanchenglidezhizaipeiyutedinglingyujishunenglideduanqihezuojizhi“zhuoyuezhongxin”,baokuoxibeidaxueqiantoudexianjincailiaozhuoyuezhongxin,keluoladuozhoulidaxueqiantoudeshequkangzaizhuoyuezhongxin,yijiaihehuazhoulidaxueqiantoudefatingyixuezhuoyuezhongxin。zheixiehezuojigouzaituidongzhongdianlingyujishuchuangxinhebaochiyuchanyejiemiqielianxifangmianfahuilezhongyaozuoyong。

红包扫雷nistyouzhengshiyuangongyue3400ren,qizhongkejirenyuan1850ren、boshi1130ren;kezuoyanjiurenyuanheboshihoudengfeigudingrenyuan3800ren。nistyuangongzhongyouyidapijiechukexuejia,baokuonuobeierjiangdezhu4ren、meiguoguojiakexuejiangzhangdezhu2ren、meiguomaikeasejijintiancaijiangdezhu2ren。nistyou32mingshouxiyanjiuyuan(nist fellow),bingyou71rendanrenmeiguoguojiakexueyuan、guojiagongchengyuanyuanshihuoguoneiwaigexuehuihuishi。

红包扫雷nistyusuanlierulianbangcaizhengyusuan,youguohuipizhunhouhuabo。yusuantongchangyouzhengfubokuan、disanfangtouzihehongbaosaoleishourusanbufengoucheng。2017niandezhengfubokuanshuewei9.52yiyuan,hanyanjiusuojingfei6.9yiyuan、waibuxiangmu1.53yiyuan、jichusheshihongbaosaolei1.09yiyuan。

nistyougaisesibaoheboerduolianggeyuanqu,zongzhandimianji3180000pingfangmi,jianzhumianji371500pingfangmi。qizhongweiyugaisesibaodexianjinjiliangshiyanshi(aml)2003nianjiancheng,zongtouzi2.35yimeiyuan,zongmianji49843pingfangmi,baohan338gekezaigoudeshiyanshijijiejingqu,shijuyouwendu、shidu、gezhen、kongqijiejingduyijidianyuanzhiliangdenggaoshuipinghuanjingtiaojiandeshijieyiliujingmishiyanshi。weiyuboerduodejingmijiliangshiyanshi(pml)zongtouzi7720wanmeiyuan,shiyongmianjiyue5400pingfangmi。

红包扫雷nistshiquanqiugongrendeshijielingxianjiliangjigou,kexuechengjiuxiangyuquanqiu,shiguojijiliangkejiqianyanfazhandezhongyaolingdaozhe。jiezhi2018nian1yue5ri,huodeguojihurendeguojiajixiaozhunceliangnengliyou1889xiang,shuliangweijuquanqiudiyi;canjiale390duoxiangguanjianbidui,qizhongzhudao90duoxiang。nistxiangquanqiukehutigongduozhongjishuhongbaosaolei,baokuo600duoxiangxiaozhunhongbaosaolei,nianjunjiancexiaozhunshuliangyue13000taijian;100duogebiaozhuncankaoshujuku,nianxiaoshouliangyue6000danyuan、shujuxiazailiangyue1.3yi;1300duozhongbiaozhuncankaowuzhi,nianfashouliang32000gedanyuan;duozhongbiaozhuncankaoyiqihecaozuoruanjiandeng。nistdechubanwuzhuyaobaokuo《nistyanjiuqikan》(journal of research of nist)、《wulihuaxuecankaoshujuqikan》(journal of physical and chemical reference data),yijibutonglingyuhezhutidejishubaogaoxilie(technical report series)。

红包扫雷deguolianbangwulijishuyanjiuyuan(physikalisch-technische bundesanstalt,ptb)shideguodeguojiajiliangyanjiuyuan,lishuyudeguojingjiyunengyuanbu,qizhuyaozhinengshiweishehuigejiebaokuogongye、maoyi、kexuedengbumentigongkejiyujilianghongbaosaolei,bazuizhunque、zuikekaodejiliangnenglizuoweiqihexinjingzhengli。

1887nianzaideguogongyejiedepoqiexuqiuxia,chuangjianyubolinjiaoquxialuoteboge,yuanming physikalisch-technische reichsanstalt (ptr),chuangshirenfenbieshideguokexuejiaheerman·haimuhuoziyudeguoqiyejiawona·ximenzi,haimuhuozirendiyirenyuanzhang。gaiyuandezongzhishishixiankexuejijishudejiehe,qieshijiejuedeguogongyeshengchanzhongdenanti。20shijichuqi,ptrjiangkexuebuyujishubuhebing,shishougegenjuzhuanyehuafenbumendejiliangyanjiuyuan,congershixianlegexuekedekexueyanjiuyugongyejishuxuqiudejiehe。1920nian,yudeguodulianghengyanjiuzhongxinrmghebing,shixianledeguozhangdu、zhiliang、tijidengliangzhisuyuanliandetongyi。erzhanqijian,ptrdejianzhujisheshizaodaozhanzhengpohuai,zhanhouzaibolinyixi200gonglidedeguoxiasakesenzhouchengshi“bulunruike”zhongjian,bingzai1953niangengmingweiphysikalisch technische bundesanstalt (ptb)。1990nian,deguotongyi,ptbyudongdeguojiajiliangyuanasmwhebing。

红包扫雷zijianliyilai,cengpinyongaierbote·aiyinsitan、makesi·pulangke、makesi·laoedengzhumingkexuejiajiaruqizixunweiyuanhui,gongyou13weinuobeierjianghuodezhecanjiaguoqizixunweiyuanhui。20shiji,ptbkeyanchengguozhuoyue,huodeduoxiangnuobeierjiang: aiyinsitanzuoweiptrdefangwenxuezheyuhelanxuezhedehasishoucicelianglehuixuancixiaoying;weili·weienzhizuolediyitaiheitifusheyuan,faxianleheitifusheweiyidinglv,bingyincihuode1911niannuobeierwulixuejiang;makesi·pulangkezaiptrdeshiyanshujushangjianlileheitifushemoxing,bingyincihuodele1918niannuobeierwulixuejiang;1932nianwaerte·botefaminglekangpudunxiaoyingdeceliangfangfa,bingyincihuodele1954niannuobeierwulixuejiang;1978nianchenglileyixuejiliangbumen,zaiyiyaoyanzhiyijizhongliuzhenduanlingyuchengguopofeng;1979nianjianlilebessydaxingtongbufusheyuan,1992nianjianlilegonglvgengdadebessy iitongbufusheyuan,zaiyixue、shengwuzhiyaoyijilinchuangzhenduan、zhiliaolingyufahuilejudazuoyong。

红包扫雷ptbgongyou 9gekeyanbumen,shejilelixueyushengxue、dianci、huaxueyufangbao、guangxue、jingmiyiqigongcheng、dianlifushe、wenduyutongbufushe、yixue、fazhijiliangdengjilianglingyu,dayuebaokuo60gejishuyanjiushi、200gegongzuozu、1900minggongzuorenyuan,qizhuyaoyunxingjingfeishizhengfucaizhengniandubokuan,2017nianyue1.85yiouyuan。

红包扫雷duiyudeguoguojiazhiliangjichu(nqi),ptbdezhuyaogongzuochengguotixianzaiquedingjibenwulichangshu,shixianguojidanweizhitixizhongliangzhidefuxian、baocun、chuandidengjichujilianggongzuo,tongshiyijudeguofazhijiliangdeyixiliefaankaizhanfazhijilianggongzuo。duiyurenzhengrenke,ptbduideguoxiaozhunhongbaosaoleibumen(dkd)dexiaozhunshiyanshikaizhanliangzhichuandiyuhegepingding,baozhengdkdliangzhitixidetongyi、wending。duiyubiaozhunhua,ptbyuanzhangtongchangshidinyuanzhanghuidechengyuanzhiyi,weibiaozhunhuagongzuodekaizhanjiarujiliangyujingmikexueceliangdechengfen;lingyifangmian,ptbzhuanyebumendejishurenyuanyehuicanyuyixiedindebiaozhunhuajishuweiyuanhui,yijiyixiejutidebiaozhunzhiding。

红包扫雷guojijilianglingyu,zaicipm、iso、oimldengguojizuzhizhongrenzhongyaozhiwei。zhenduiguojihezuogongzuo,shezhiledulideguojihezuobumen,bingzaiduogefazhanzhongguojiapaizhurenyuan,tongguonianducaizhengzhuanxiangzhichi,chixushushinianweifazhanzhongguojiadezhiliangjichujianlitigongzhichiyuzhidao。

红包扫雷yingguoguojiawuliyanjiuyuan(national physical laboratory,npl)shiyingguodeguojiajiliangyuan。yigonggongqiye(public corporation)xingshiyunxing,qiguanlishiti“nplguanliyouxiangongsi”guishuyingguoshangye、nengyuanhegongyezhanlvebu。npldeyuanjingshichengweizhuoyuedeguojiashiyanshi,tongguofazhankexuehegongchengduiyingguochanshengfeifandeyingxiangli,qirenwushitigongzhichengyingguofanrongfazhanheshenghuozhiliangtishengdeceliangnengli。

nplchengliyu1900nian,yuanbenshiqiu(kew)tianwentaideyibufen,zuoluozaiwailundunlishimandelaolugongyuandeyijiao,houbanzhifujindetedingdun。diyirenyuanzhangshilichade·taitelei·geleizibuluke。zaiqijianyuandeqian18nian,lishuyuyingguohuangjiaxuehui。qijianyuanzongzhishikaizhanceliangyiqijiandingxiaozhun、cailiaoceliang、wulichangshucedingdenggongzuo,jiangkexuezhishiyingyongyurichanggongyeshengchanheshangyemaoyizhong,pochulilunheshijianzhijiandebilei,zaikexueheshangyezhijianjianliqiaoliang。

红包扫雷yixiezhongyaodefamingchanshengyunpl,xuduozhumingkexuejiazainplgongzuoguo。1946nianjisuanjikexuejiaalan·tulingzainplkaizhanlezidongjisuanjideyanzhigongzuo。1955niandiyitaigaojingduseyuanzizhongyoukexuejialuyisi·aisenzainplyanzhichenggong,cujinjiyuyuanzishidemiaodingyizaiguojishangqudegongshi。1966niantangnade·daiweisizainpltichulejisuanjiwangluobaojiaohuanjishu,bingzainplzujianlediyigeshiyongjuyuwang,zheiweihoulaiyintewangdefazhandiandinglejichu。1975nianwatetianping(2016niangengmingweijibotianping)deyuanliyoubulaien·jiboboshizainpltichu,npljuciyanzhileliangtaiwatetianping,fenbieyongyucelianganpeihepulangkechangshu,houzhehuodelemuqianbuquedingduzuixiaodejieguo,zheijiangzhichi2018niandezhiliangdanweiqiankedezhongxindingyi。

nplzuoluoyulundunxinanbudetedingdun,yongyouzhuanyeshiyanshi388jian,zongmianjiyue36000pingmi。npldeguanlijigoufenweisanji。diyijiweinplguanliyouxiangongsiweiyuanhui,shinpldeguanfangjueceshiti;dierjiweishenjiyufengxianweiyuanhui、xinziweiyuanhui、timingweiyuanhuihekexuejishuzixunweiyuanhui,qizhongkexuejishuzixunweiyuanhuiweinpltigongdulidezhanlvejianyi、zhixunheqitazhichi;disanjiweinplzhixingtuandui,2017nian10yuebaokuoyuanzhang、fuyuanzhangyijigedabumenfuzerendeng9ren。2015nian4yue,nplgongyouyuangong700duoren,qizhongchaoguo550mingweijiliangzhuanyerenyuan。2018nian2yue,npldekexueyanjiuhangailebaokuoxianjincailiao、shengwukeji、diqiuguanceyuqihoudengzaineide25gelingyu。npl 2016niandezongjingfeiwei8830wanyingbang,qizhong3460wanyingbangyoujingzhenghuode,qiyulaizizhengfudingxiangzhichi。

红包扫雷npldezhuyaogongzuobaokuoyanjiujianliyingguojiliangjibiaozhun,canjiaguojibiduiquebaoceliangjieguodeguojidengxiaoyizhi,kaizhankuaxuekedekexueyanjiuhejishukaifa,yanzhiceliangyiqi,weishehuitigongjishuhongbaosaolei,weizhengfubumen、qiyejiehexueshujietigongpeixunhezixun。zuoweiyingguoguojiaceliangxitong(nms)dezhuyaozuchengbufen,nplhaiweiyonghutigonggaozhiliangdeliangzhichuandihongbaosaolei。2016nian,npldezhongdianyanjiuheyingyonglingyubaokuoxianjinzhizao、shuzitongxinheliangzijishu、nengyuanyuhuanjing、shengmingkexueyujiankang。npldezhuyaochubanwushimeinianchubande《niandupinglun》(annual review),jieshaonplguoquyiniandezhuyaogongzuohechengguo、fabiaodezhongyaowenzhang、youtuchugongxiandekexuejiadeng,qidianzibankezainplguanfangwangzhan(http://www.npl.co.uk/publications/)huode。

红包扫雷ribenguojiajiliangyanjiuyuan(national metrology institute of japan,nmij)lishuyuribenjingjimaoyigongyebudeguojiaxianjingongyekexuehejishuyanjiuyuan(national institute of advanced industrial science and technology,aist)。1903nianchuangjianyudongjing,mingweizhongyangdulianghengqijiandingsuo,1952niangengmingweizhongyangjiliangjiandingsuo,1961niangengmingweiribenguojiajiliangyanjiuyuan,1980niandaiyoudongjingqianzhijudongjing80kmdecichengxianzhubokexuecheng,2001nianguishuyuguojiaxianjingongyekexuehejishuyanjiuyuan。2015niannianduyusuan66.7yiriyuan,yue3.88yirenminbi。xiashesigeyanjiubumen: gongchengjiliangyanjiubu、wulijiliangyanjiubu、cailiaoyuhuaxueyanjiubu、ceshiyufenxiyiqiyanjiubu,yijilianggeguanlibumen: zhanlveyanjiubuhejiliangyewuzhiliangguanlizhongxin。

shiyazhoufanweineijiliangyanjiushiliyiliudeyanjiuyuan,huoyuezaiyazhouyuguojijilianglingyu,qizhuyaomubiaoshijianli、baocunhetuiguangguojiajiliangjibiaozhun,quebaoguojidengxiao,weiribengongyedekuaisufazhantigongjishujichu,jianggongyexuqiuyujingmiceliangxiangjiehe,jiaqiangribenchanyejingzhengli。tongshikaizhandegongzuohaiyou: canyucipm、apmp、isodengguojizuzhi,kaizhanguojijilianghezuo、guojibidui;weiribenjilianghongbaosaoleitixi(japan calibration service system, jcss)tigongliangzhisuyuanhongbaosaolei,jianjiebaozhengribengongyejiliangliangzhitixidezhunquekekao;kaizhanjishuzixunhongbaosaolei,jiejuekehubunengtongguoxiaozhunceshishixiandetedingjiliangxuqiu,jinerqianghuajiliangjishuyugongyezhijiandehezuo。

hanguobiaozhunkexueyanjiuyuan(korea research institute of standards and science,kriss)lishuyuhanguokejiyuxinxibudejichukejiyanjiulishihui,hanguozhengfucaizhengzizhudeyanjiujigou,muqianweiyuhanguodatianshi,qizhuyaomubiaoshitongguojianliguojiajiliangbiaozhun、jiliangjishuyanfaheguojiajiliangbiaozhundezhidingyuchuanbo,weihanguokejijinbudiandingjichu,congercujinguojiakejifazhan,tigaoguojiachanyejingzhengli,tigaorenminshenghuozhiliang。

红包扫雷chengliyu1975nian,dangshimingweihanguobiaozhunhuayanjiuyuan(korea standards research institute, ksri);1979niankaishiduihanguoguoneitigongjilianghongbaosaolei;1991niangengmingweihanguobiaozhunkexueyanjiuyuan(korea research institute of standards and science,kriss);1999nianbeihanguojiliangbiaozhunfaanzhidingweihanguoguojiajiliangyuan。

红包扫雷shezhilewuli、huaxueyixue、gongye、jishuhongbaosaoleisigezhuanyebumen,lingwaishezhiliangzijishu、xianjinyiqilianggeyanjiusuo。2017niandeshujutongjixianshi,quanyuannianduyusuangongji1.54yimeiyuan,yuangong458ming,qizhongkeyanrenyuan、jishugongrenjiguanlirenyuanfenbiezhan62%、25%、13%。shiyazhoufanweineijiliangyanjiushiliyiliudeyanjiuyuan。