BIPM, OIML, ILAC, ISO关于计量溯源性的联合声明

2011年11月9日签署,2018年11月13日更新并重申。

01 背景

guojijiliangju(bipm),guojifazhijiliangzuzhi(oiml),guojishiyanshirenkehezuozuzhi(ilac)heguojibiaozhunhuazuzhi(iso)fenbieweifuzequanqiujiliang、renkehebiaozhunhuadesigeguojizuzhi。

红包扫雷renshidaoceliangjieguodejiliangsuyuanxingduihongbaosaoleizuzhihexinshimingdezhongyaoxing,tecizhidingbenwenjian。hongbaosaoleigulizuzhichengyuanjirenshidaosuyuanxingzhongyaozuoyongdeqitagefangcainayixiajianyi。hongbaosaoleiyeguliqitatuantizaikenengdeqingkuangxia,shenmingtamenduibenxuanyansuotixiandeyuanzehezuofadezhichi。

02 计量溯源性的重要性

hongbaosaoleirenwei,yaoshixianhongbaosaoleisigezuzhideshiming,bixushixianceliangjieguodeguojiyizhixinghekebixing。youqishiceliangjieguodekebixing,yinggaishiguojiceliangtixidejibentezheng,zheiyangceliangjieguocainengbeiguojishehuipubianjieshou。erzhiyoudangceliangjieguosuyuandaoguojigongrendecankaobiaozhunshicainengbaozhengqiguojiyizhixinghekebixing。zheixiecankaobiaozhunjiushiguojidanweizhi(si)。ruguowufasuyuandaoguojidanweizhi,celiangjieguoyingsuyuanzhimiaoshuqingchubingbeirenkeweiketigongshiheqiyuqishiyongmudeceliangjieguoqieyouheshidebiduibaozhengdebiaozhunwuzhidebiaozhunzhihuocankaoceliangchengxu、tedingfangfahuogongrenbiaozhundejieguo,(liru,yingdubiaozhunheshijieweishengzuzhijianlidecankaobiaozhun,hejctlmjieshoudeceliangchengxu)。guojibiaozhuniso/iec 17025《jiancehexiaozhunshiyanshinenglidetongyongyaoqiu》zhongxiangxishuomingleyishangyuqiyaoqiubingtigongleguanyujiliangsuyuanxingdegengduoxinxi。

红包扫雷hongbaosaoleisigejigouyuqitaguojixiangguanfanghezuochenglijiliangzhinanlianheweiyuanhui(jcgm),fuzejianliheweihujilianglingyudegongxingwenjian。qizhonglianggejcgmwenjianduicishengmingjuyouguanjianzuoyong。wenjianfenbiewei:

红包扫雷《celiangbuquedingdu》—di3bufen—celiangbuquedingdubiaoshidaoze(gum)-jcgm 100(yijixiangguandeoiml g 1-100heiso/iecdaoze98-3),tamentishenglegezhongjilianglingyuceliangbuquedingdupinggufangfadeyizhixinghetongyongxing;yiji《guojijiliangxuecihui》—jichuhetongyonggainianjixiangguanshuyu(vim)-jcgm 200(yijixiangguandeoiml v 2-200he iso/iecdaoze 99)。

zaivimzhong,jiliangsuyuanxingdedingyishi: “tongguoyitiaojuyouguidingbuquedingdudebujianduandebijiaolian,shiceliangjieguohuoceliangbiaozhundezhinenggouyuguidingdecankaobiaozhun,tongchangshiyuguojiaceliangbiaozhunhuoguojiceliangbiaozhunlianxiqilaidetexing”,yinciyoujiliangsuyuanxingchanshengleceliangbuquedingduhezhenduibutongcengjijiegoudecankaobiaozhunjinxingdexiaozhunzheixiegainian。

jiliangsuyuanxingshishiceliangjieguojubeishijiefanweineidedengxiaoxing,jianliguojixinrendeyaosuzhiyi。tongshi,benshengmingsuoshuneirongkeshilifazhe、jianguanzhe、jinchukoushangduiceliangjieguodedengxiaoxingjianlixianghuzhichidexitong,keyixianzhudejianshaoyinquefadengxiaoxingerzaochengdejishuxingmaoyibilei(tbts)。

03 建议

红包扫雷bipm,oiml,ilache iso dachengyixiayijian:

  • 要得到可靠的,具有国际可接受性的测量结果,测量设备的校准应满足:

红包扫雷——youqianshucipm mraqieqixiaozhunheceliangnengli(cmcs)yizaibipmdeguanjianbiduishujuku(kcdb)zhongfabudeguojiajiliangyuanshishixiaozhun;huo

——youbeiqianshuilachurenxieyiderenkejigougenjuiso/iec 17025renkedeshiyanshishishixiaozhun。

  • 测量不确定度的评定和表示应遵循GUM规定的原则。
  • 认可实验室出具的测量结果溯源到国际单位制(SI)。
  • 国家计量院向获认可实验室提供计量溯源红包扫雷时,应签署CIPM MRA且其校准和测量能力(CMCs)已发布在BIPM的关键比对数据库(KCDB)中。
  • 对签署OIML CS的机构,应由签署ILAC互认协议的认可机构认可,并遵循上述计量溯源到SI的政策。

红包扫雷dangxuyaozhengmingjiliangsuyuanxingdeguojikejieshouxingshi,shiyongyishangyuanze。

04 本声明的使用

zheixieyuanzezhichengzheyigejuyouqiangjianqieguojigongrenkuangjiadeshijiejiliangtixi。zaizheigekuangjianei,yonghukeyichongfenxinrenceliangjieguodeyouxiaoxinghekejieshouxing。benshengminggefangqianglietuijiangeguojiahediqudelifahexingzhengjianguanbumencankaocipmhurenxieyi、ilachurenxieyiheoimlrenzhengtixibingjieshoutamenjichudeceliangjieguo,congerbangzhuqibimianjishuxingmaoyibilei。hongbaosaoleiyeqingyouxingqudezuzhihegerencainazheixieyuanze,bingjiangqiyunyongyuzijideshijigongzuozhong。

05 相关方

zheixiegainiandejianliheyingyongxuyaoxiangguangefangdecanyu:

  • 国际计量局(BIPM)的使命是建立全球统一的测量结果溯源体系和维护经国际计量委员会(CIPM)批准的国际单位制(SI)的定义的权威性。BIPM发布的《SI手册》是应用和正确使用SI的至关重要的文件。

guojiajiliangyuan(nmis)derenwushitongguojiyuqizishenxiaozhunheceliangnengli(cmcs)dekesuyuandexiaozhunhecelianghongbaosaoleiduisidanweijinxingshixian、weihu、fazhanhechuandi。

红包扫雷guojijiliangweiyuanhui(cipm)renshidaomingquezhengmingzheizhongbutongguojiashixiandesidanweiyijinmijucifabudexiaozhunzhengshudedengxiaoxingdexuyao,qicaolehurenxieyi(cipm mra)。zaicipm mrakuangjianei,suoyoucanyuzhedoukeyizaiqizhongyanzhengherenshiqitacanyuzhedecmc。zheixiejingguotongxingpingshendecmcfabuzaibipmdeguanjianbiduishujuku(kcdb)zhong。qianshucipm mradeguojiajiliangyuanbeiyaoqiudingqicanjiaguojiaceliangbiaozhun“guanjianbidui”,bingxutongguoguojitongxingpingshen,zheixiehuodongweicmcslierukcdbtigongjishujichu。tongxingpingshenchengxubaohanduiqizhiliangtixi(jingguorenkehuozihongbaosaoleishengming)shifoufuheshidangdeguojigongrenbiaozhundeshenhe,zheilideguojigongrenbiaozhun,tongchangshiiso/iec 17025《jiancehexiaozhunshiyanshinenglidetongyongyaoqiu》heisozhinan34《biaozhunwuzhishengchanzhenenglidetongyongyaoqiu》。cipm mrayoubipmzaicipmdeshouquanxiajinxingxiediao。

  • 国际法制计量组织(OIML)致力于促进全球法制计量相关法规和程序的协调,通过制定指南文件指导其成员,并关注他们国家的立法,包括用于贸易和行政监管目的的测量应使用法定标准并溯源到SI。OIML建立了一个世界范围的计量技术文件体系,提供给其成员调整其在测量仪器的制造和使用方面的政策,以使与国际协调一致。这些技术文件用于支持贸易、医疗卫生、环境监测等需依法监管领域的计量溯源性。OIML还引入了OIML认证体系(OIML-CS),在此体系下的机构可签署一份声明,签署方可以根据OIML建议书中描述的要求,声明对支撑OIML证书的OIML形式评价报告的互认。OIML认证机构及其相关的测试实验室根据OIML-CS的方案A颁发OIML证书,其质量体系应由认可机构或同行评审进行评估。OIML-CS取代了以前的两个认证体系; OIML基本认证体系和OIML互认协议(MAA)。
  • 国际实验室认可合作组织(ILAC)是由全球的认可实验室、检验机构、能力验证提供商和标准物质生产商组成的协会,其成员包括全世界的认证机构和利益相关机构。ILAC通过在认可机构(AB)中实施全球互认协议(ILAC协议)来促进贸易和支持监管机构,这些认可机构需要定期进行同行评审。签署ILAC协议的认可机构的信息可从www.ilac.org获取,经认可的实验室和监管机构发布的数据,校准和检测结果依据ILAC协议在全球范围内得到互认。

jingrenkedeshiyanshihejianyanjigoubixuzunshoushidangdeguojibiaozhun,baokuoguanyujiliangsuyuanxingheceliangbuquedingdudexiangguanyaoqiu。

  • 国际标准化组织(ISO)ISO是一个独立的非政府国际组织,其成员为国家标准机构。

红包扫雷tongguoqichengyuan,tahuijilezhuanjia,fenxiangzhishi,zhidingziyuande,jiyugongshide,shichangxiangguandeguojibiaozhun,zhichichuangxinbingweiquanqiutiaozhantigongjiejuefangan。

红包扫雷isofabuleyixilieguanyugezhongchanpindezhizaoheceshiyijitigonghongbaosaoleidebiaozhun。zaiduoshuqingkuangxia,xiaozhunheceshishibiaozhunyaoqiudezuchengbufen。isojiangqishuyuyuvimxiediaoyizhi,bingjingchangzaizheixiebiaozhunzhongnaruyuceliangxiangguandetiaokuan。youyuisoyuguojidiangongweiyuanhui(iec)yiqifuzeiso / iec 17025,yincitazhichiceliangyingsuyuandaosiyuanze。isoyuguojidiangongweiyuanhui(iec)、guojidianxinlianmeng(itu)guanxijinmi,ieczhuyaofuzedianzidianqibiaozhun,ituzhuyaofuzedianxinbiaozhun。iso,iecheitutongguoshijiebiaozhunhezuozuzhi(wsc)jinxinghezuo。(fanyi: zhongguojiliangyuanguojihezuobu)