红包扫雷《mizhigongyue》shi1875nianqianshudewaijiaoxieyi,diandingleyi“mizhi”weijichudeguojitongxingdeceliangdanweizhi,chuanglileyongjiudeguojijiliangzuzhikuangjia。gongyuechenglilezhizaixiediaoguojijiliangfazhandezhengfujianguojijiliangzuzhi——guojijiliangju,shelileqizuigaoquanlijigou——guojijiliangdahuiheguanlihejiandujigou——guojijiliangweiyuanhui,bingguidingleguojijiliangjudecaiwuheyunxingguanliguize,weiqianshugongyuedechengyuanguozhijianjiujiliangkexuehejiliangbiaozhunxiangguanshiwutongyicaiquxingdongjianlileyongjiudezuzhikuangjia。

红包扫雷《mizhigongyue》shi“mizhi”fazhandechanwu。zhangqiyilai,geguocaiyongxianghubutongdeceliangdanweiheceliangbiaozhun。jinru18shiji,jingjihemaoyidefazhanshidetongyigeguoceliangdanweizhidewentibeitidaoyishiricheng。“mizhi”shizai18shijimoyoufaguochuanglideyizhongceliangdanweizhi,tayijingguobalidediqiuziwuxiandeyiqianwanfenzhiyizuoweizhangdudanwei,dingmingwei“mi”;yimideshifenzhiyizhangduweilifangzuoweirongliangdanwei,dingmingwei“sheng”;yiyishengdechunshuizai4℃shidezhongliang(zhiliang)zuoweizhongliangdanwei,dingmingwei“qianke”。zheizhongdanweizhishishijinzhide,wanquanyi“mi”weijichu,yincidemingwei“mizhi”。tazuizhongyaodetedianshicaiyongziranjiede“liang”jianliceliangdanwei,yinweinenggoushixianjiliangbiaozhundetongyi。

“mizhi”yu1795nian4yue7ribeifaguotongguofalvzhengshiqueding,houyinqiyiyongxingzhujianbeixuduoguojiacaiyong。danshi,zheixieguojiatongguozixingfuzhiyuanqishengchengdeguojiabiaozhunzhijianrengranquefayizhixing。weijiejuezheiyiwenti,shixianyizhongfaguodagemingyilaitichude“shihesuoyoushidai、suoyouren”dejiliangtixi,1872nian8yue,faguozhengfuyaoqingyixieguojiapaidaibiaodaobalikai“guojimizhiweiyuanhui”,yuhuidaibiaozanchengpubiancaiyong“mizhi”,bingrenweiyinggaianzhaobalidanganjubaocunde“mi”he“qianke”fuzhichuyixieyuanqifenfajigeguoshiyong。1875nian3yue1ri,faguozhengfuzhaokaile“mizhiwaijiaohuiyi”,you20geguojiapaichuzhengfudaibiaohekexuejiachuxi,huiyipizhunleguojimizhiweiyuanhuidejianyi。1875nian5yue20ri,agenting、aoxiongdiguo、bilishi、baxi、danmai、faguo、deguo、yidali、milu、putaoya、eluosi、xibanya、ruidian-nuowei、ruishi、tuerqi、meilijianhezhongguoheweineiruilagong17geguojiadedaibiaozaibalizhengshiqianshu《mizhigongyue》。weijinian《mizhigongyue》deqianshu,5yue20ribeidingweishijiejiliangri。

红包扫雷《mizhigongyue》youzhengwenhefuzeliangbufenzucheng。gongyuezhengwengong14tiao,fuze22tiao。zi1875nianqianshuyilai,jinzai1907nian、1913nianhe1921nianduibufentiaokuanjinxinglexiuding,qiexiugaijinshejiguojizuzhidegongzuofanwei、caiwuxieyidengxijie,gongyuedezhutineirongshizhongweibian。

《mizhigongyue》dezhuyaoneirongwei: ①zaibalijianliguojijiliangju。guojijiliangjuzaiguojijiliangweiyuanhuidezhidaohejianduxiajinxinggongzuo。guojijiliangweiyuanhuizeshoudaoyougediyueguozhengfudaibiaosuozuchengdeguojijiliangdahuideguanli。dahuizhuxiyoubalikexueyuandezairenzhuxidanren。②guojijiliangjudezhize: baoguanguojimiheqiankeyuanqibingtigongxiaozhun;zuzhibidui;jianlixindeguojijiliangbiaozhun;quedingwulichangshudedingzhiyitigaodanweidezhunquedubingbaozhengqiyizhixing;fuzedingyidediaozhenggongzuo。③guojiyuanqidecunfang。④guojijiliangjudehuifeiyougediyueguoanbilijiaona。⑤《mizhigongyue》yougeguoyiqixianfachengxupizhun。

红包扫雷《mizhigongyue》fuzegong22tiao,zhuyaoneirongwei: ①guojijiliangjudediwei、xuanzhiyaoqiu、jigoushezhi、shebeipeibei、huifeigouchengheguanliguize。②guojijiliangdahuideyunzuoguize: youguojijiliangweiyuanhuizhaoji;zhishaomei6nianzaibalizhaokai1ci;renwushicaiqucuoshipujiyuwanshanmizhi,pizhunzailiangjiedahuiqijianquedingdexindejiliangjibendanwei,tingquguojijiliangweiyuanhuigongzuobaogao,gaixuanguojijiliangweiyuanhuizhong1/2deweiyuan;meigeguojiayouyigetoupiaoquan。③guojijiliangweiyuanhuideyunzuoguize: youshuyubutongguojiade18geweiyuanzucheng;fuzezhidaodiyueguogongtongjuedingdeyiqiejilianggongzuo,bingjianduguojiyuanqidebaoguan;zhishaomeiliangnianzhaokai1cihuiyi。④guojijiliangweiyuanhuiyugediyueguozhengfudeyiqietongxunwanglaijunjingyouzhubalidegeguowaijiaodaibiao;yiqieyingyoufaguozhengfujuedingdeshixiangjunxiangfaguowaijiaobutichuqingqiu。⑤guojijiliangjujuzhangdexuanjuguizehezhizeyaoqiu。⑥meigeguojiadehuifeibilibudeshaoyuzongede5‰hegaoyu15%,yijijutijisuanfangfa、jiaona、tuoqianjiqichulideng。

《mizhigongyue》jiqifuzeyu1921nianjingguoyicixiuding,zhuyaoxiudingneirongwei: ①di7tiaozengjialeguojijiliangjujiangfuzejianliyubaocundianxuedanweibiaozhunjiqicankaobiaozhun,fuzequedingwulichangshudedingyiyitigaojiliangdanweidezhunquexing,yijifuzeleisidedingyidiaozhenggongzuo。②di8tiaoguojibiaozhunyuanqijiqicankaojizhunjiangcunfangzaiguojijiliangju,zhiyouguojijiliangweiyuanhuikeyijinrucunfangchu。③fuzedi6tiaoguanyuhuifeidejisuanfangfahejiaona、tuoqianjiqichulideng。